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Showing posts with label Hypertension. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Hypertension. Show all posts

Covid 19 Pandemic & Diabetes : 3 Recommendations to keep You Healthy and Safe

COVID 19 Pandemic & Diabetes : 3 Recommendations to keep you Healthy and Safe


                              We are facing the worst worldwide epidemic in recent memory. What is puzzling is that many infected people have no symptoms while a few others are seriously ill. This includes people suffering from Diabetes. The people having Diabetes are having a more severe form of infection. 

                               Here are the 2 scholarly articles that I have found out for you regarding COVID 19 infection and Diabetes. It is followed by 3 Recommendations for your safe journey through these turbulent times.

                         
                              The first article is from Dr. Sten Madsbad, Dept of Endocrinology, Hvidovre Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Denmark. https://bit.ly/3eDWQ0z

                               The Ongoing COVID 19 infection is a double challenge for people with diabetes. Diabetes is a risk factor for the severity of the disease. Diabetes increases the chance of getting any infection. People who have uncontrolled blood sugar levels are at high risk of developing infection and its more severe form. During the lockdown conditions, people have to control blood sugar in a situation with decreased or more variable availability of food.

                              COVID 19 (Coronavirus Disease ) is caused by coronavirus SARS- CoV-2 organism. It has quickly spread to more than 160 countries across the globe. The mode of transmission is primarily by respiratory droplets between people. It is characterized by a wide variety of symptoms including fever, cough and breathing difficulties.


                                     
















         The 2nd article is from Medical News Today published recently. https://bit.ly/3eCwE6d

                                         More than 425 million people worldwide have diabetes. There are two types of diabetes: Type 1 and Type 2. Gestational diabetes is another type that affects some women during pregnancy.
                                        Type 1 Diabetes is an autoimmune type and usually present from childhood. It results in no or very little insulin production. These patients need Insulin to be given externally.
                                          The majority of people have type 2 diabetes and are on oral medicines. Many have Obesity and hypertension as well. Some of them may need Insulin as well.
                                          According to the Center for disease control and prevention (CDC) people with diabetes who develop COVID 19 are at a higher risk of developing a serious illness like Pneumonia.

                               
                                 However, with good blood sugar control, people with diabetes can reduce the risk of getting severely sick from COVID-1                                                                                         Here are our 3 recommendations for COVID 19 and Diabetes.

  1. Control your Blood sugar properly. Check Your Blood Sugar and HbA1c levels. Maintain HbA1c levels around 6.5 to 7. Continue treatment as per your doctor's advice.
  2. Avoid Excessive Amounts of Carbohydrates and Sugar. You can increase protein intake. Similarly, Excessive salts and fried food items should be avoided. The intake of green leafy vegetables and salads should be increased.
  3. Continue Physical Exercises. During quarantine periods many people are unable to go outside for walks and outdoor exercises. Try to do some workouts at home to remain fit. You can do aerobics and yoga at home. Mindfulness can also help to reduce anxiety and stress during these turbulent times.





     Author: Dr. Nishikant Sharma  MD     FACP. Consultant Internal Medicine Specialist with Special Interest in the field of Diabetes.

       He is also a student at Northwestern University Coursera.

  He is an advocate of Quality Healthcare for all at affordable prices.

      He wants to empower people with scientific knowledge so that they can face diseases successfully with confidence and a positive attitude.

Click here to know more about How to boost your immunity during COVID 19 Pandemic: https://bit.ly/2yj0hsR





How to Prevent Corona Virus Infection: 8 Essential Steps

                  How to Prevent Corona Virus Infection: Eight Essential Steps 

                          Now it is official. The new Coronavirus, COVID-19, is a pandemic. It is spreading to more and more countries. Northern Italy is in lockdown. More than 10,000 people are infected and 631 people have died. New cases have been detected in Uk, Germany, Austria, Japan, South Korea, and the United States. Globally more than 4200 people have died in this epidemic. As of today 31 deaths and more than 1000 cases have been reported in the US. The epidemic originated from Wuhan City In China in December 2019. However, the good news is that the number of new cases in China is decreasing.

                                China took some very harsh measures for the public good. Whole cities were walled off. Quarantine measures were strictly implemented. The results are now apparent. The number of new cases is decreasing in China.
                                However, other countries have shown some inertia in dealing with this crisis. Many countries have imposed travel bans late. The result is that the epidemic is spreading to the rest of the world. Many governments went into a state of denial initially like China. Early swift preventive actions can greatly help in the prevention of the spread of the disease.


                               Travel ban from China and especially from Wuhan has been implemented a little late. This has allowed the virus to spread across the world.


                               Corona Virus has spread from China to more countries. Coronavirus initially began in Wuhan city in China. Coronavirus is a zoonotic disease. Zoonotic diseases are infections that are transmitted from animals to human beings. These germs can be bacteria, viruses or parasites. Animal handlers can catch these infections due to proximity to them. Human to human transmission of these infections opens up the possibility of further spread of these infections. Sometimes it can take the form of an epidemic.


                                 It's not that the coronavirus is a new virus. Already four strains of coronavirus are present. These can cause illness ranging from the common cold to pneumonia. Many times its a mild respiratory infection that may even go unnoticed by many. (SARS_CoV)Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome spread from animals to humans in 2002-2003. Its reservoir is perhaps bats that spread to other animals like cats. First infected cases occurred in the Guangdong province of China in 2002.


                                An epidemic of SARS affected almost 26 countries. Mortality was high in cases who had (ARDS) Acute respiratory distress syndrome.


                               Symptoms are flu-like and include body pain, fever, headache, breathlessness, and cough. The most frequent symptom reported was fever though it may be absent in initial stages. In severe cases, respiratory distress is present which leads to a fall in blood oxygen levels(SpO2).                                            Approximately 8100 people got infected. The mortality rate was around 9%.


                                The new Coronavirus is hitting more people than other epidemics. Lethality rate is approximately 3.5%. The good news is that the mortality rate of this infection is lower than other similar infections. It also produces symptoms like cough, body aches, fever, and breathlessness.
Many infections are mild and recover quickly.

 How to Prevent Corona Virus Infection: Eight Essential Steps 


  1. Avoid traveling to crowded places like bus stations, airports, public meetings, etc. In short, restrict non-essential travel. Avoid going to malls, public gatherings, cinema theatres as much as possible. Many schools have been closed to prevent the spread of infection.
  1. Wash your hands after using public utilities like toilets etc. While using escalators avoid touching rails or wash your hand after the event. Washing hands frequently helps in prevention. You should avoid touching your mouth, face, and eyes by your hands.
  1. If you have a cough use a facemask. It will prevent the spread from person to person. The infection spreads by droplets.
  1. If traveling through a crowded train or bus one can use a facemask to avoid droplet infections. You can use an alcohol-based sanitizer to clean your hands.
  1. If you are having diabetes then you should control it properly. People with diabetes tend to catch infections early and the course of the disease is more severe. Similarly, people with immunodeficiencies should be extra careful.
  1. If you come in contact with a suspected case of coronavirus then you should wear gloves to touch the person. You can wear a disposable suit in such cases. The COVID Virus 19 is secreted in feces also. Hence washing hands with soap after toilet use is important.
  1. Drinking warm water may help in staying hydrated. Warm saline gargles can help in any upper respiratory infection. Betadine gargles may help if you have symptoms of sore throat. Please make certain that you are not allergic to the agent.
  1. Make sure you are not having nutritional deficiencies like Iron, Zinc Or Vitamin C.Decrease in body immunity can impair our immune system and cause a more severe form of illness. Regular exercises should be done. Exercises should be done in open spaces preferably and not in a crowded gym. Sunshine always helps as it increases Vit D levels in the body. 
                            Staying hydrated is very important. But just drinking water will not cure the disease. If you have any symptoms of the disease then get checked in the nearby medical center. Throat swabs can be taken in suspected cases for examination.X Ray Chest and CT Scan of Chest is useful to determine the extent of Lung Involvement.
                             Prevention is the key to arresting the spread of this infection. Hoping by united efforts we will be able to control this epidemic more effectively.
For More information on control of diabetes please click on:-https://mindfulnes4you.blogspot.com/2020/02/7-incredibly-simple-ways-to-reduce-high.html
Article on New Corona Virus in Wuhan City China:
https://mindfulnes4you.blogspot.com/2020/01/new-corona-virus-in-wuhan-city-china.html

Do You have Stress ? Do you want to reduce stress?

Do You Have Stress? Do You Want to reduce Stress?

A Busy Monday

Imagine you have to catch the suburban train. The train is scheduled to leave after 5 minutes. You are stuck in heavy traffic. 

You are surrounded by so many cars and trucks. Each one is honking at its best. 

The next train is after 45 minutes. If you reach late you are going to miss the train and reach the office late. Boss will be very angry. 

Consider another situation. You have to complete a project. You have to present it to the committee tomorrow.

You have completed 90% of work. In the evening the day before the presentation, you find your file is missing.

 These are some of the thousands of examples of different forms of stress that we face daily in our busy lives. 

Imagine the situation of a young athlete who has prepared for his sports event for the whole year. Just before the event, he sprains his ankle. 

How can he compete tomorrow?


His time and efforts will go in vain. We face thousands of such situations daily.

 End Result


It leads to anger frustrations and stress. The body responds by releasing chemical substances like adrenaline which can increase the heart rate and blood pressure. Chronic release of adrenaline can 
cause stress and hypertension over a period of time.

 It can also increase blood sugar levels. Depression and anxiety are other by-products.
          

  We do so many things in the hope of attaining a condition of rest, once you have done them. You think let me buy a big house and then I will be able to rest peacefully. 




You take a big loan from a bank by signing a mortgage deal. You say I will never rest till I get it in my name. Your EMI has started. This will go on for years. 

Maybe someday you will be able to accomplish your goals. By achieving your goals you will get rest and peace. 

In the unending pursuits of goals, we never do one thing and that is to enjoy today. Peace cannot be found outside ourselves. What passes for peace is a temporary pause in the battle of life. The new house that you have bought will be a prelude to new challenges and projects. Someday maybe you will be able to relax.



              We either live in the past thinking about our failures or in future planning new projects. We hardly live in the present tense. We regret about failed relationships and missed opportunities. Thinking about the future produces anxiety. What if I fail in exams or an interview . What will happen if I lose my job tomorrow. How will I repay loans? The end result is the same. Anxiety depression frustration and   High blood pressure.

 A hard-working guy can become the CEO of the company but becomes a heart patient in the process. Young successful handsome and hypertensive.

               Recent studies have shown the benefits of mindfulness. Why postpone joy and happiness. Enjoy the present moment. Mindfulness stills the mind. The mind is full of cross-currents of thoughts. Mindfulness brings in peace today. Stillness Speaks. Creative thoughts can occur only in a peaceful mind. 


                The prevalence of high blood pressure is increasing: enlarging the spectrum of available measures for its prevention and treatment could be useful.

                 Some data from medical literature suggests that mindfulness could play a role not only in the management of stress but also in blood pressure control and prevention of cardiovascular diseases.

                 The mechanisms involved may be based on the modulation of the emotional reaction and biological response to stress, via the regulation of the autonomous nervous system.


                 This method is accessible to anyone who is interested and is not related to any religious belief. It’s simple easy and fun and above all very affordable. Medicines used for hypertension can have adverse events but this practice is devoid of any ill effects.


What are the different types of Mindfulness? To know more please click here:-https://mindfulnes4you.blogspot.com/2020/01/different-forms-of-mindfulness-many.html
Learn more about Blood sugar Control (For People suffering from Diabetes):-https://mindfulnes4you.blogspot.com/2020/02/7-incredibly-simple-ways-to-reduce-high.html
Do You want to learn more about Coronavirus/Covid19 infection? Please click on:-
https://mindfulnes4you.blogspot.com/2020/03/how-to-prevent-corona-virus-covid19.html
If you want to learn more about how to control High Blood Pressure then click on:-
https://mindfulnes4you.blogspot.com/2020/01/hypertension-silent-killer-hypertension.html


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